Marc Shaffer Explores the Legend of Helios in ‘Exposing Muybridge’

Exposing Muybridge Review - 2021 Marc Shaffer Documentary

Vague Visages’ Exposing Muybridge review contains minor spoilers. Marc Shaffer’s 2021 documentary features Gary Oldman, Marta Braun and Philip Brookman. Check out the VV home page for more film reviews, along with cast/character summaries, streaming guides and complete soundtrack song listings.


Photography buffs and silent film aficionados will enjoy Marc Shaffer’s feature documentary Exposing Muybridge, a visually engaging account of curious cinematic forefather Eadweard Muybridge. The subject’s place as a film pioneer was ultimately secured via the influential motion studies he produced following his ill-fated collaboration with railroad baron Leland Stanford in the early 1870s, but the director attempts to put his subject’s entire creative life in context. Drawing from a series of new interviews with historians, theorists, photographers and an enthusiastic collector (actor Gary Oldman), Shaffer recounts the dizzying highs and abject lows of Muybridge’s fascinating career.

Film students young and old will certainly recall class viewings of any number of Muybridge’s photo sequences come to life through animation, but so iconic are these images that Shaffer ends his film with a montage of allusions in paintings by Francis Bacon and David Hockney, Seth Shipman’s DNA data storage experiments, the photography of William Wegman and Sol LeWitt, and even U2’s “Lemon” and the animated series Rick and Morty. Had Shaffer been in production a little later, he could have added Jordan Peele’s Nope to the above list. At just under 90 minutes, Exposing Muybridge doesn’t wear out its welcome, but there are a few aspects of the subject’s colorful legacy that could have used more detail and consideration.

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Exposing Muybridge Review - 2021 Marc Shaffer Documentary

Given that Muybridge’s life spanned from 1830 to 1904 — a period, as the documentary points out, of remarkable mechanization and modernization — it is a rather tall task for Shaffer to go into as much depth as Rebecca Solnit’s essential 2003 book River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West. The film’s talking heads, including the Oscar-winner Oldman, are erudite, charming, knowledgeable and passionate, but it is a real shame that Solnit is not among them. Her exceptional work — a must-read companion to Shaffer’s documentary — synthesizes several themes alluded to in Exposing Muybridge.

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That’s not to say that Shaffer doesn’t acknowledge the most remarkable milestones that link Muybridge to evolutions in image-making. One of the most enjoyable parts of the documentary sees photographers Byron Wolfe and Mark Klett lining up near the exact spot where the subject took a breathtaking landscape plate in Yosemite National Park. By walking in Muybridge’s footsteps, minus his most reckless and perilous risk-taking, Wolfe and Klett link past and present with spine-tingling immediacy. The ways in which Muybridge edited and retouched pictures by adding dramatic details, such as the favored cloud he placed in multiple compositions, anticipated cinema’s commonplace manipulation of “reality” in favor of fantasy.

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Exposing Muybridge Review - 2021 Marc Shaffer Documentary

Shaffer frequently returns to Muybridge’s sketchy, dangerous personal character (or lack thereof). In 1874, Muybridge murdered Harry Larkyns, the lover of his spouse Flora, reportedly saying “I have a message for you from my wife” as he pulled the trigger. Over the decades, Muybridge scholars have speculated that his utter lack of inhibition could be traced to a serious head injury suffered in an 1860 stagecoach crash. The personal and the professional are often interlaced in Exposing Muybridge, and Shaffer’s interview subjects go on to assertively debunk the “science” claims that Muybridge used to legitimize the costly University of Pennsylvania project that would, more than his majestic vistas, his San Francisco panorama, his volumes of stereograph cards and his zoöpraxiscope, cement his place in history alongside proof that at a gallop, a horse does indeed lift all four hooves off the ground at the same time.

Greg Carlson (@gcarlson1972) is a professor of communication studies and the director of the interdisciplinary film studies minor program at Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota. He is also the film editor of the High Plains Reader, where his writing has appeared since 1997.

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